Thursday, May 21, 2015

A Stellar Clump Long Ago And Far Away

Expert Author Judith E Braffman-Miller
By  Judith E Braffman-Miller 


It is now generally agreed that the Universe was likely born in the hot Big Bang almost 14 billion years ago--and in only the tiniest fraction of a second after its birth, quantum fluctuations were blown up to macroscopic scales as the result of a short burst of exponential growth called inflation. Inflation was responsible for the remarkable degree of homogeneity observed in the early Universe, as well as for the small amount of structure present at that very ancient time. In astronomy, long ago is the same as far away. The more distant a shining celestial object is in Space, the more ancient it is in Time. When the Universe was a mere baby at only 3 billion years of age, the galactic structures that then existed possessed very different properties than those they show today. In May 2015, a team of astronomers announced their remarkable discovery of a newborn massive star-forming clump in the disk of an ancient galaxy long ago and far, far away!

The giant star-forming clump is less than 10 million years old, and it is the very first time that such a neonatal star-forming region has been observed. This important discovery sheds new light on how stars were born within distant, ancient galaxies, and the physical properties displayed by this primordial object show that very young clumps in such galaxies survive as a result of stellar winds and supernova feedback. The clumps can "live" for a few hundred million years, and this weakens the predictions of several theoretical models. The stellar clumps' long "lifetimes" could facilitate their migration toward the inner domain of their host galaxies, thus contributing to the total mass of the galactic bulge and the growth of its central black hole. The results are published in the May 7, 2015 issue of the journal Nature, under the title An extremely young massive clump forming by gravitational collapse in a primordial galaxy.

The galaxies that inhabited the ancient Universe had more irregular shapes than modern galaxies, and their disks were considerably more gas-rich. Astronomers realize that ancient galaxies gave birth to fiery, brilliant baby stars far more rapidly than their modern counterparts, and that stellar birth occurred within enormous, considerably more massive, and luminous star-forming regions than those commonly seen in local galaxies today. However, the way that these enormous stellar clumps formed is not well understood, and their mysterious evolution throughout the long and complicated history of the Universe is still a subject of hot debate. In order to shed light on these important issues, a team of French astronomers carried out their own observations using the Hubble Space Telescope (HST) in its imaging and spectroscopic mode, and the Subaru telescope (in spectroscopic mode) installed in Hawaii. The apparent faintness of the very distant, ancient galaxies demands the use of extremely powerful observing facilities. The astronomers discovered the signature of the giant clump composed of a population of brilliantly luminous baby stars, and caught them while they were still in the process of stellar birth, within a remote galaxy located at a distance of 11 billion light years from Earth.

As part of this observing campaign, carried out with HST and the Subaru Telescope, researchers from the Service d'Astrophysique-Laboratoire AIM of the Institute of Research into the Fundamental Laws of the Universe, CEA (French Alternative Energies and Atomic Energy Commission), led by Dr. Anita Zanella, discovered the first cry of this massive star-birthing clump.

The clump is less than 10 million years old, and has not yet evolved sufficiently for its constituent stars to be directly observed. Therefore, its detection came as the happy result of the radiation emitted from the gas being ionized by these brilliant baby stars. This enormous star-forming clump has a gas mass that is approximately equal to one billion times that of our Star, the Sun. Giving birth to its fiery baby stars at a rate of 30 solar-masses per year, it contributes as much as half of the total star formation of its host galaxy. In addition, its growth rate in mass and its efficiency in converting molecular gas into new baby stars are 10 times greater than the typical values observed at this particular epoch of the Universe's history. This observation confirms the presence of a gigantic burst of star-formation in this region.

Long Ago And Far. Far Away!

Most scientists think that the Universe started out as an unimaginably tiny Patch, that was even smaller than a proton, and then--in the tiniest fraction of a second--expanded exponentially to achieve macroscopic size. As small as that unbelievably tiny Patch was, it was so extremely hot and dense that literally everything that we are and all that we ever will know, emerged from it. Something, scientists have not as yet determined what, made that exquisitely tiny Patch experience runaway inflation.

Although proof of the period of inflation has not yet been detected, recent observations and measurements suggest that it is the most probable explanation (currently being considered) that could have caused our Universe to evolve in the way that it apparently has. In the smallest fraction of a second, inflation is believed to have blown up like a magnificent balloon or bubble every region of our Patch of space by a factor of at least 10 to the 27th power. Before inflation caused our Patch to experience this runaway expansion, the region of the Universe that we can observe today--the visible or observable Universe--was a featureless, smooth little tidbit much tinier than an elementary particle. At this time, our Universe was a stew--more precisely a plasma--of elementary particles. Fast-moving photons (particles of light) slowly but surely lost energy and slowed down (cooled off) as the Universe continued to expand. The energy showered into this expansion. In the almost 14 billion years after inflation, our Universe has expanded by another factor of 10 to the 27th power.

Following on the heels of this early period of exponential expansion was a more gradual, normal evolution during which the Universe continued to expand and cool off. During this cooling phase, the very first protons and neutrons (atomic nuclei) condensed out of the strange stew, and then the lightest of all atomic elements hydrogen, helium, and beryllium froze out. When the Universe was at last 400,000 years old, it had cooled off to the point that the ambient photons in the Universe were no longer sufficiently energetic to keep the hydrogen ionized. This caused one of the first great phase transitions in the state of elemental hydrogen during our Universe's history. Hydrogen, which up to this point existed in the fully ionized form as free protons, recombined with the available electrons to create neutral hydrogen. Simultaneously, the ambient radiation--now at too low energy to ionize hydrogen--was able to dance freely away to wander through the ancient Universe. This tattle-tale background radiation was with us at the beginning, and is with us still. It is much, much colder now, but it provides us with one of the first and strongest pieces of evidence for the existence of the hot Big Bang. This era has earned the title of recombination. Ionization refers to the process by which an atom or molecule acquires a positive or negative charge by gaining or losing electrons to form ions. Ionization usually goes along with other chemical changes.

The mysterious birth of stars and galaxies brought about several important alterations in the rapidly evolving ancient Universe. For one thing, the most ancient generation of stars gave the Universe its very first source of elements heavier than beryillium. Even though conditions in the Universe's earliest era were not suitable for the production of the heavier elements--all elements heavier than helium are metals in the terminology astronomers use--such elements could readily be manufactured in the nuclear-fusing cores of massive stars that progressively fused heavier and heavier atomic elements out of lighter ones--and then later blasted this freshly manufactured batch of heavier elements out into space when they exploded as supernovae. The second important alteration caused by the first generation of stars was the introduction of high-energy photons into the Universe. The last time that the Universe had contained such high-energy photons was during the first 400,000 years of its existence, when it was still searing-hot and hydrogen still existed in an ionized state.

These extremely high-energy photons began what is thought to have been a lengthy process whereby hydrogen in the Universe was reionized. This period of reionization likely started several hundred million years after the Big Bang and concluded about 600 million years later. Scientists are very interested in gaining an understanding of the properties of the first galaxies because they probably played a starring role in this profound drama.

The first generation of small galaxies was probably already in existence 400 million years after the Big Bang. Following this initial phase of galactic birth, galaxies then experienced an extended phase of merging and coalescing with other galaxies--whereby they grew from several thousand solar-masses to billions of solar-masses. This buildup process continued until the Universe was approximately two billion years old. Then, as the result of some still undetermined feedback process--commonly speculated to be active galactic nucleus (AGN) feedback--it is thought that this buildup at last stopped, and gas accretion and star formation within the most massive galaxies halted--and galaxies went on to experience a very different form of evolution. This type of galactic evolution continues on to the present day.

What is really out there? What is it made of? Without this knowledge, it is not possible to arrive at any real conclusions about how the Universe evolved.

A Stellar Clump Long Ago And Far, Far Away

In order to supplement the interpretion of their unprecedented results, Dr. Zanella and her team also developed a set of hydrodynamical simulations at very high resolution using the supercomputer of the Tres Grand Centre de Calcul of CEA and the Grand equipement national de calculis purpose (GENCI). GENCI's purpose is to implement and ensure the coordination of the major equipment of the French high-performance computing centers by providing funding and by assuming ownership.

Dr. Zanella and her team's simulations reveal that gas-rich galaxies, gravitational instabilities, and turbulence within the interstellar medium caused the gas to fragment and collapse. This resulted in the birth of a myriad of sparkling, fiery baby stars, concentrated in regions whose size could have extended as much as several hundred light-years. Secreted within these stellar clumps, the rapid star-birthing process experienced a dramatic increase during the very first few million years. The star-birthing efficiency in these regions was also larger than the typical value measured at galactic scales. After approximately 15 million years, the feedback and ferocious stellar winds rushing out from the baby massive stars and the explosion of the first supernovae blasts became powerful enough to counterbalance the gravitational collapse of the gas. Therefore, star-birth gradually declined, while still maintaining an efficiency higher than that characterizing the other disk regions.

This discovery of a very young star-birthing clump in a distant, ancient galaxy has important implications for the understanding of galactic formation on cosmological scales. The massive, baby clump discovered by the astronomers of CEA reveals rare physical attributes, only observable during the approximately 15 million years after the gravitational collapse of the gas and the formation of such concentrations of fiery, new stars. Among the 60 galaxies observed as part of this study, it is the only object displaying such characteristics. Giant clumps seen in the other distant, ancient galaxies correspond with much more evolved stellar regions. Therefore, the rarity of the phenomenon observed in this study suggests that the "lifetime" of such clumps in the distant Universe could extend to at least 500 million years. This newly derived constraint excludes certain theoretical scenarios that predict the rapid disruption of the giant star-birthing clumps due to their rapid destruction by the feedback and action of the rushing winds originating from newborn stars, and it strengthens the idea that these enormous clumps can survive long enough to evolve within the galactic disk where they were born. They then could travel inward to the core of the galaxy, and play a starring role in the growth of both its bulge and its central supermassive black hole.

In order for scientists to properly describe the role that these giant clumps play in galactic evolution, an even more precise determination of their physical properties must be made--such as their dynamical mass and size. Increasing the statistical sample of such young star-birthing regions will also be an important part of the upcoming work led by this research group. In particular, such studies will require the use of observing facilities like the Atacama Large Millimeter Array (ALMA) network of radio telescopes installed in northern Chile, as well as the James Webb Space Telesope (JWST) whose launch is scheduled for the end of 2018.

Judith E. Braffman-Miller is a writer and astronomer whose articles have been published since 1981 in various magazines, newspapers, and journals. Although she has written on a variety of topics, she particularly loves writing about astronomy because it gives her the opportunity to communicate to others the many wonders of her field. Her first book, "Wisps, Ashes, and Smoke," will be published soon.

Article Source: [http://EzineArticles.com/?A-Stellar-Clump-Long-Ago-And-Far-Away&id=9035086] A Stellar Clump Long Ago And Far Away

Tuesday, April 07, 2015

Numerology Calculation 2015 - Balanced Dominion

Expert Author Ian G Scott


By Ian G Scott


Numerology Calculation 2015

2015 = 2 + 1 + 5 = Universal year number 8

Secondary vibrations influencing this year - 215

Metaphysical Meaning of Number 8 for 2015

Power, Money and Karma with a strict focus on the balancing of these energies. Personal and global challenges, success and momentum are flowing traits of the number eight. Dexterity within the confines of one's own personal power, Intensity to maintain balance, Potency, Spiritual Consciousness. Abundance in all it's various forms including positive and negative. Self reliance, Justice and Stability.

Shift Of Energies 2015

The spiritual energies of the new year 2015 are linked to stability, perseverance, determination and self-belief. A truly powerful person will receive respect and trust from others through their steadfastness, honesty and integrity. Formidable energies of personal power rise to the surface this year, once we have tapped into our strengths and recognized our weaknesses, we will need to carefully direct them. Staying cautious not to let our emotions color our reasoning. Letting go of negative emotions, brings stability to be able to hold on to our truth.

Truth will always come out in the end and balance will always be restored, it is the divine nature of things. In order to effect positive change in ones life, we must first take full responsibility for the life we have created. If goodness, kindness, honor and right of action are at the forefront of our thinking we will naturally move into the universal flow of the number eight, harmony and abundance.

World Affairs Psychic Predictions

The Numerology for 2015 augers in a vibration of justice and balance but not without turmoil and extreme change. The first half of the year brings excessive wild weather globally, winds and dangerous tides to the east coast and far west coast of Australia and America. Japan also receives a bout from mother nature in the form of earth quakes and floods affecting nuclear power stations and major cities.

China will have a revolution on it's hands in late 2015 bringing about governmental changes on a grand scale. Russia will see a shift towards a softer more moralistic government with those in power losing favor.

The first eight months of 2015 will be focused on balance therefore igniting the necessary changes, the last four months of the year are focused on abundance and prosperity for those who chose right action as their guide for the first eight months of the year. In the end a strong successful year with notes of wisdom and harmony.

Psychic Medium Ian Scott has over 30 years experience, he teaches meditation and psychic development at http://thriveonnews.com Free New Age Spiritual magazine focusing on the shift of consciousness from one Power & Greed to one of Love & Honesty. With insights into Astrology, Druids, Psychic awareness, medium ship, meditation and much more. With over 120 years of combined Metaphysical experience we bring you Thrive on news.

Article Source: [http://EzineArticles.com/?Numerology-2015---Balanced-Dominion&id=8937521] Numerology 2015 - Balanced Dominion

Sunday, February 01, 2015

The Rock With Wings: An Ancient UFO Event?




By John Prytz 

Chariots seem to be associated with the 'gods' because of the popularity of Erich von Daniken's book title (when translated into English) "Chariots of the Gods". But there's no actual index entry for "chariots" in that book. So, did the 'gods' and maybe their passengers ride in aerial chariots or equivalent? A quick scan of the mythological literature says "yes"! A partial list of the Greek 'gods' or demigods (or demi goddesses) who rode in (UFO) chariots (or equivalent) include Zeus, Hercules, Helios, Apollo, Hades, Triptolemus, and Medea. From Norse mythology, we have Thor and Freyja riding along in their chariots. Aerial chariots figure prominently in Indo-Iranian mythology, and they also play an important part in Hindu and Persian mythology as well, with most of the gods of their pantheon portrayed as riding in them. In ancient times what were aerial chariots pulled by various beasties with the 'gods' as pilots or passengers, are, in modern times, UFOs with their extraterrestrial pilots and crew. The American Indian culture, the Navajos may not have a UFO chariot per say, but they do have a UFO "rock with wings".

Ship Rock (or Shiprock, also called in native Navajo 'Tse Bit'a'i' or the 'Rock with Wings' aka 'winged rock') is a 12 million year old standalone monolithic mountain, an eroded volcanic plume, situated in New Mexico close to the four corners area where NW New Mexico, NE Arizona, SE Utah, and SW Colorado touch. While it's nearly 7,200 feet above sea level (peak elevation), from the ground up (standing on a high desert plain), it's nearly 1,600 feet high. It's situated on Native American Navajo land, situated in the bullseye of the ancient Pueblo peoples that prehistoric Native American culture are often referred to as the Anasazi. The Navajo's have high historical and religious reverence for the mountain. It features prominently in their traditional religious and mythological culture, and as a sacred site, the natives have, since 1970, closed the mountain off to the public which used to be popular with rock climbers, etc.

The main belief of the Navajos centering around Ship Rock (and it looks a bit like an old Clipper sailing ship of yore but sailing in a sea of sand) is that it's what's left, the remains, of their 'great bird of deliverance'. According to their legends, once upon a time, a long time ago, their ancestors were facing a hostile tribe further north, and not wishing to go head-to-head with these warmongers, their high priest(s), or shaman(s), asked their Great Spirit in the sky for assistance. The Great Spirit sent down this great bird which took them southwards to what Americans today call Ship Rock. The Navajos were saved from their enemies, and they lived long and prospered - well prospered as well as any Native American tribe could be expected under the thumb of the European invaders.

Now if the Navajo were forced to flee and migrate southwards from hostile forces, you'd think their mythology would be something akin to the ancient Greek's "Odyssey" or the quest for the Golden Fleece - a tale of a long journey, elusive goals, many dangers and hardships, and eventual success - not flying through the air without a care in the world. Or, if they didn't have any migration south at all, then there's no need for such a 'winged rock' tale, rather some other 'how did we get to Ship Rock' origin myth, like the Great Spirit breathing life into some of the rocks or moulding cacti or tumbleweeds into human beings - the Navajo. But if your Great Spirit is a 'god' that's really an extraterrestrial; and your 'rock with wings' what we'd call today a UFO, or in ancient astronaut terminology a 'flying chariot', then the myth, as related, has some logical foundation in reality. And if you are a rather unsophisticated Native American when it comes to extraterrestrial technology, what else are you going to call a UFO but a 'flying rock' or a 'rock with wings' or a 'winged rock' or a 'big bird'? The Navajos, in other legends, have associated Ship Rock with the presence of 'Bird Monsters' that feed on human flesh. I wonder if that could be a garbled tale of UFO abduction.

Now presumably this travelogue tale isn't the fabrication of one person, shaman or otherwise, since there were many native Navajos who must have been alleged participants in the journey who could contradict the myth - if it was a myth of course. That fact that the Navajo consider Ship Rock a sacred site, off-limits to rock climbers and tourists, well they clearly consider this part of their mythology to be a Big Deal. In fact the mountain is a place of pilgrimage for their peoples, especially young men on quests for solitary 'visions' that's part of their traditional culture.

Science librarian; retired.

Article Source: [http://EzineArticles.com/?Tse-BitAI:-The-Rock-With-Wings:-An-Ancient-UFO-Event?&id=6440822] Tse Bit'A'I: The Rock With Wings: An Ancient UFO Event?

Thursday, January 01, 2015

Happy New Year

Image result for free new year images

Believe, Create, and Make your Year Shine

Sunday, December 21, 2014

Winter Solstice & HAPPY HOLIDAY'S



WISHING YOU A HAPPY

 WINTER SOLSTICE DAY

A HAPPY HEART

 AND  HAPPY HOLIDAY'S


Monday, December 01, 2014

Holiday Gift Certificates


HOLIDAY GIFT CERTIFICATES

ARE AVAILABLE FOR EMAIL, PHONE, and IN PERSON SESSIONS WITH BARBARA NOW THROUGH DECEMBER 21, 2014

REQUEST AND DETAILS:


Friday, November 21, 2014

Come Sit With Me




Not many of us bother with those forwarded emails from gullible people believing bad luck will follow them unless they forward to others. I received this particular forwarded email from a friend who is very down to earth, intelligent, and stable. The subject title, "Come Sit With Me" intrigued me and the contents resonated  on every level of my being.  I hope this message inspires you and blesses you with its wisdom, love, and happiness bringing thanksgiving into each and every day.



 Come Sit With Me

There comes a time in your life, when you walk away from
all the drama and people who create it. 
You surround yourself with people who make you laugh. 
Forget the bad and focus on the good.
 Love the people who treat you well, pray for the ones who don’t.
 Life is too short to be anything but happy.
Falling down is a part of life, getting back up is living.

“Today may there be peace within.
May you trust that you are exactly where you are meant to be.
May you not forget the infinite possibilities that are born in yourself and others.
May you use the gifts that you have received and pass on the love that has been given to you.
May you be content with yourself just the way you are.
Let this knowledge settle into your bones, and allow your soul the freedom to sing, dance, praise and love.  It is there for each and every one of us.”



Wednesday, September 03, 2014

Time Travel Model of Quantum Mechanics

By Jay Shelton 

The Copenhagen interpretation of quantum mechanics is baffling, while the many-worlds interpretation is unrealistic. The time travel model attempts to provide a comprehensible explanation.

In this model we assume that the presence of a particle causes vibrations in the time coordinate of spacetime. The wave function may be identified with the amplitude of these temporal vibrations. The square of the wave function is proportional to the strength of these vibrations and gives the likelihood of finding a particle in the vicinity.

The time waves at present overlap the time waves of a moment ago, and so on, so that a particle becomes spread out over all the spacetime between the last interaction and all possible points of the next interaction. If a particle's time coordinate is uncertain, its position and momentum are also uncertain.

When an interaction occurs, the particle is no longer available for time travel and the wave function collapses backward in time to the point of the last interaction. Since we cannot observe the past, the collapse appears instantaneous. The collapse is itself not observable, so nothing observable changes in the past.

The Schrodinger equation states that the frequency of temporal vibration is proportional to the energy. Its complex nature is a mathematical way of describing vibrations. The many-dimensional nature of the wave function is a consequence of the Hamiltonian formulation. There is no implication that the world is actually complex or many dimensional.

The relativity of simultaneity causes a uniform vibration to become a traveling wave when seen from a moving coordinate system, which is why the momentum is obtained by taking the spatial derivative of the wave function.

The antisymmetric Fermi statistics of the wave function under exchange of a pair of identical fermions is a way of stating that the particles cannot occupy the same space at the same time. If all fundamental particles are spin one-half rishon fermions, then the symmetric Bose statistics are simply obtained by exchanging rishons two pairs at a time.

Let us consider two classic examples. In the two-slit experiment, a particle may go through one slit, then back in time, then through the other slit. In the case of two quantum entangled particles, when one is observed, the wave function for that orientation collapses backward in time, leaving only the wave function for the opposite orientation.

If a time wave curved around into a circle much smaller than its wavelength, the entire whirl would appear to oscillate back and forth in time. The whirl could not dissipate due to conservation of energy and angular momentum, or other quantum numbers. We suggest that these whirls are in fact the rishons. It is also a law of nature that a rishon cannot disappear unless it meets its antirishon. This model explains how a particle can produce time waves: particles simply are trapped time waves.

The observed intrinsic spin of a rishon is far greater than what could be possessed by a small rotating mass. In our model, the internal rotational phase velocity of the time waves may be much greater than the speed of light, since no information is conveyed. This may explain how a rishon can have a large angular momentum but little mass. Since a rishon is a cloud of time waves, it would have eigenstates of angular momentum. When its angular momentum (or energy) is measured, one would always find it to be an eigenstate, in accord with general principles of quantum mechanics. This cannot be understood if a rishon is viewed as a point particle.

The V rishon may be the lowest possible energy state, while the T rishon may be the highest possible energy state, perhaps because the phase velocity has slowed down to the speed of light. Any slight instability would cause intermediate states to gain or lose energy and move toward one extreme or the other. This may explain why there are just two stable rishons, light and heavy. The bare mass may be much larger than the observed mass, due to renormalization. Unfortunately it is not known how to calculate this, so hard numbers cannot be given.

The large spin of a rishon eliminates the spherically symmetric S states, leaving the three P states to correspond with the three colors. The T rishon constantly emits and absorbs a cloud of V anti-V particles, corresponding with gluons and photons as the pair carries net color or not. The V rishon does not have enough mass to do this. The weak force arises from the transfer of a group of rishons, the W particle. Small temporal vibrations of a particle could be considered quantum gravity, which might help stabilize the particle. These vibrations might also cause a large-scale distortion of spacetime, similar to thermal expansion. We would perceive this distortion as classical gravity. The Planck equation simply states that this distortion, which we call gravity, mass, or energy is proportional to the frequency of a particle.

A rishon might have a polar temporal field caused by the circular motion of time waves, analogous to a magnetic field. Particles would be ejected preferentially along the direction of this field, because time flows in that direction, thus violating parity. The temporal field would be aligned with or against the direction of external time, corresponding to rishons or antirishons. Because of the time difference, the two would have slightly different reaction rates, producing an excess of hydrogen over antihydrogen, which have the same rishonic content. The photon and gluon are symmetric with respect to matter and antimatter, but the W is not, so only the weak force violates parity.

Time dilation and the relativity of simultaneity are features of special relativity, while in general relativity mass influences the flow of time and gravitational radiation consists in part of time waves. Therefore our concept of time waves has some precedent. Quantum mechanics and general relativity both describe disturbances of spacetime and together provide a complete picture. Everything can be explained as waves, whirls, or bends in spacetime.

When a particle interacts, it stops time-travelling into the past, because the coherence of the time waves is broken. The wave function collapses, or disappears, backward in time. It is as though the wave function never existed at all, so it vanishes instantaneously in all frames, in agreement with the fundamental principle of relativity, that there is no preferred frame.

In the rishon model, all neutral matter has equal amounts of T and anti-T rishons. Under sufficient pressure, theses would be forced together and annihilate, so matter would convert to photons or neutrinos and escape before a naked singularity could form, or in a big crunch.

The collapse of a wave function is an irreversible process, so quantum mechanics does not conserve information, in a black hole, or anywhere else. Gravity is a curvature of spacetime, so the need for gravitons is questionable.

In the rishon model, a photon consists of a V anti-V pair, so, like the neutrino, it might have a small rest mass.

If the wavelength of a rishon's internal time wave is smaller than the rishon, the rishon would still oscillate in time, but in a more complicated way, perhaps giving rise to the effects associated with spin.

The P states mentioned above are conjectured to be states of intrinsic spin having spin one-half.

The photon and vector bosons have different masses because they are made of different rishons. Symmetry breaking is not needed.

Particles are disturbances in spacetime and according to general relativity would therefore have mass. The Higgs mechanism is not needed.

It would be of great interest to discover and study the equations which govern the structure of the rishons.

Jay Daniel Shelton attended the University of British Columbia, where he received a Masters degree in Physics. He is a independent investigator and resides in Fruita, Colorado. http://jayshelton.trideja.com/

Article Source: [http://EzineArticles.com/?Time-Travel-Model-of-Quantum-Mechanics&id=6505138] Time Travel Model of Quantum Mechanics

Thursday, August 07, 2014

Brainwave Entrainment - Convergence of Science and Shamanism


By Timothy Thorpe 

Brainwave entrainment is a method of using audio or visual stimulus to cause the human brainwave pattern to synchronize with a desired frequency.  This is achieved through a natural phenomenon known as the 'frequency following response' whereby the brain naturally synchronizes with any external repeating pattern.  One of the most ancient examples of brainwave entrainment is the use of drum beats - a very simple method of creating a repeating stimulus.

Brainwave patterns within the brain are created by the electrical activity of billions of neurons.  This electrical activity can be measured as a frequency in Hertz (Hz) - much the same as any other electrical current or signal.  When measured, this brainwave frequency tells us much about the current mental, emotional and physical activity of any individual.  These frequencies are categorized into four main groups; Beta, Alpha, Theta and Delta, each of which represents a very different mental state.


Beta:  Set between the frequency ranges of 14Hz to 30Hz.  Beta frequency designates an alert and active state of consciousness, and is the dominate frequency during waking hours.
  Alpha:  Found during waking consciousness whilst relaxed or with closed eyes.  Alpha general represents slowed mental and / or visual activity.  The frequency range is 8Hz - 14Hz.
  Theta:  4Hz - 8Hz is found during REM Sleep, theta is also an active frequency during meditative and trance states.  In addition, theta waves a frequently found in children and ebb off after 10 years and into adulthood.
  Delta:  The frequency of deep sleep, at a frequency range of 1Hz - 4Hz.  Delta is not usually found whilst in the waking state, although is sometimes found during very deep meditations of those with extensive meditative experience.


Further categories of brainwave frequencies also exist, one of the most common and well known is the Gamma Frequency, which exists above Beta at a frequency of 31Hz+.  Little is scientifically known about the Gamma frequency, however some theories suggest it may be related to subjective perception.  Other more esoteric fields suggest that the Gamma frequency is related to a 'Super Consciousness', higher awareness or even transcendental states not unlike those found in Zen Buddhist meditations, and similar practices.

Another, slightly lesser known frequency is the Epsilon Frequency, which is found below 1Hz.  A frequency range of 0.5Hz has shown to provide some degree of pain relief.  As it is below the Delta frequency, individuals synchronizing with the Epsilon Frequency will more often than not fall asleep.

Public Interest

Brainwave entrainment first came into popular public interest during the 1970's with the much used, but often ridiculed Mind Machines.  Essentially a pair of goggles containing embedded lights, which flickered at a pre-set rate.  The pace of flickering would determine the frequency, to which the user's brainwaves would become synchronized simply by watching the lights.  In many ways this kick-started the consumerization of the various forms of self-hypnosis.

In 1978 Robert Monroe founded the Monroe Institute, which conducts research and provides training programs on altered states of consciousness.  Brainwave entrainment is used among the Monroe Institute's methods, using the Hemi-Sync technology that Robert Monroe patented in 1975, which contains an evolution of the binaural beats technology.  Since then Hemi-Sync has become somewhat of an industry standard within the brainwave entrainment commercial marketplace.   The Hemi-Sync products are widely recognised and respected.

In more recent years, brainwave entrainment has taken alternative health circles by storm.  The Centerpointe Foundation, provide a program known as Holo-Sync designed to promote emotional healing and stability.

Another direction has been taken by Brainwave-Sync, who promotes a holistic ideology based upon traditional shamanic principles.  Their product range covers personal development and self-discovery, following the belief that inner strength and awareness bring about a deeper understanding of the world.

Research

Over the past few decades a number of institutes and organizations have been involved in brainwave entrainment research.  By their very nature, the study of brainwaves form a vital component of neurology.  For example in a 1998, a study of brainwaves in rats was conducted by the McMaster University of Canada.   In 2005, David E. Stuckey - from the California Institute of Integral Studies - conducted field research on the Brazilian shaman vine known as Ayahuasca, an intoxicating hallucinogenic.  From this research he determined precise brainwave frequencies active during states of altered consciousness.

Brainwave entrainment research is also ongoing in the business world.  The Transparent Corporation could perhaps be considered a chief proponent of the brainwave entrainment methodology and is certainly an expert in the field.  Using both neurofeedback and biofeedback , The Transparent Corporation research fuels ongoing development of brainwave entrainment software, which continues to be used by medical professionals and therapists all over the world.

Everyday uses for Brainwave Entrainment

Outside of corporate and scientific interests, brainwave entrainment has found a growing market with the home user.  The technology affords the individual with many alternatives to existing therapies and practices.  All of the following are scientifically accepted uses for brainwave entrainment, and in many cases are often prescribed by medical practitioners and therapists.


Sleep Induction - a Cure for Insomnia:  Deep sleep generally occurs between a brainwave frequency of 1Hz and 4Hz.  By using audio, music or sound with an embedded frequency of this range, when synchronization occurs with the brainwave sleep will be induced.
  Anxiety and Stress Relief:  Evidence suggests that high mental and emotional activity as found during moments of stress or anxiety prompt high levels of beta activity.  Entraining the brainwaves down to alpha or even theta, can have the effect of anxiety and stress relief.
  Relaxation:  Alpha brainwave frequencies are commonly found during relaxed and semi-relaxed states.  Naturally brainwave entrainment encoded into the alpha frequency often provides high levels of relaxation.
  Meditation:  Theta frequencies and alpha brainwave frequencies are conducive towards very effective meditation.  Both slow the brainwave functions down to a level which ensures a relaxed physical and mental state.

Beyond Everyday Use: Self and Personal Development

Brainwave entrainment is often used to push the envelope beyond that of typical everyday experiences.  Most of these uses have also been confirmed within a scientific environment through the use of neurofeedback and biofeedback.


Hypnagogic States:   Hypnagogia is that brief state between wakefulness and sleep, where fleeting imagery forms before the eyes.  The theta frequency may be used to induce prolonged states of hypnagogia.
  Hallucination:  Related to the states of hypnagogic, are states of hallucination.  Heightened theta and alpha activity are often recorded during such experiences.
  Lucid Dreaming:  At one time thought to be a perceived trick of the subjective senses, lucid dreaming - being aware one is dreaming, and even consciously controlling dreams - is now accepted as fact and fairly well understood.  By entraining brainwaves into the delta frequency, sleep is induced.  Random spikes of theta activity may then be prompted during deep sleep - which in turn can lead to conscious dreaming.

Theoretical uses for Brainwave Entrainment

In many ways The Monroe Institute pioneered and the pushed the boundary of what is possible with brainwave entrainment.  Founder Robert Monroe was a very experienced individual with altered states of conscious, which he was able to attain through effort of will.  He documented some of these experiences in his book "Journeys out of the Body".  Later the Monroe Institute facilities were used by the US Military for parapsychological training.

In the Far East, transcendental meditations are adopted by practices such as Yoga and Zen Buddhism amongst others.  Whilst in a transcendental state, one is lifted outside the boundaries of normal everyday consciousness.   This is achieved through years of personal discipline and extensive participation in meditative techniques.

Altered states of consciousness are also heavily involved with the shamanic practices of Brazil and Peru.  Most often these are used to gain deep personal insight, as well as attain mental and physical healing.

Brainwave entrainment has been used within all of these fields, to stimulate similar affects.  Out of Body Experiences, Chakra meditations, Kundalini meditations and even astral travel are some of the far reaching effects brainwave entrainment lays claim to.  There is indeed much anecdotal evidence to suggest that brainwave entrainment certainly is capable of these feats and more.

Shamanism, Consciousness and Brainwave Entrainment

Shamanism in one form or another extends back to the dawn of humankind.  The term shaman is much misunderstood; in essence a shaman is one whom is able to navigate through the subjective nature of their particular society in order to perceive the world in its natural state.  This is achieved by entering into altered states of consciousness, which are then used to help the participant see beyond their individual subjective belief system.  It is no stretch of the imagination to say that brainwave entrainment may also be used for this exact same purpose.

Shamanism in many cases, uses hallucinogenic means in order to enter altered states. However, this is not always necessarily the case; other shamanic cultures have used sound in order to stimulate altered states of consciousness.  References abound within modern literature and movies depicting such tribal scenes.  Brainwave entrainment is a modern evolution of this technique, which has been combined with scientific and neurological understanding.

Even in its base form, the objective of brainwave entrainment is to alter the state of one's consciousness, be it from an anxious state altered into relaxed, or an awake alert state altered into sleep.  At its current outer limits, brainwave entrainment - through skilled use - can project the individual into deeply profound states of consciousness.

A convergence of sorts has occurred between the ancient shamanic practices and the modern scientific disciplines.  This convergence has gone largely unnoticed, yet it can be seen within the brainwave entrainment community, and the number of products that are designed to allow the user to enter states such as lucid dreaming, as well as visionary and hypnagogic experiences.  This convergence between science and the esoteric is perhaps marked best by the frequency of 528Hz which is used in the repair of DNA.  The very same frequency of 528Hz forms one of the six frequencies of the solfeggio scale.  Specifically, over one thousand years ago, this exact frequency was used by the Church for healing.

Brainwave Entrainment - a Modern Shaman Practice

Although brainwave entrainment is used extensively within established scientific and medical fields, its growth within the consumer sector has been primarily down to individuals involved with holistic and alternative living.  The growth in interest of subjects like meditation, lucid dreaming and alternative healing are a direct reflection of this.

Taken to the next step, brainwave entrainment may very well represent the arrival of shamanic practices within modern society, yet with a modern twist.  Each brainwave entrainment enthusiast or practitioner is willing to explore their consciousness for themselves.  Where as in tribal cultures a shaman was required to direct these experiences, in the modern world tools have been handed to the individual that enable them to explore their consciousness on their own terms.

This is a fact which has been recognised by Brainwave-Sync who continues to establish themselves as providers of brainwave entrainment aimed at individuals with holistic and alternative interests.

Brainwave entrainment in many ways represents the blending of technology with consciousness.  This could perhaps be viewed as the first time technology has reached such a state.  With correct use and skilled practice the brainwave entrainment technology is more than capable of leading an individual on a quest of personal, spiritual and self development.

From this perspective, such use of brainwave entrainment could represent a change within the very roots of society; the individual.  With even a small percentage of the population arriving at the possibility of full self awareness, along with the comprehension of their own subjective belief-systems, there is little to doubt about what brainwave entrainment has the power to achieve.  Traditional life changing methods have required extensive financial investment as well as substantial amounts of time.  Brainwave entrainment has changed this, allowing for ease of access to unique personal and spiritual experiences.

Brainwave entrainment provides a doorway into the consciousness, and does so in a deeply personal and creative manner; it opens up realms of the mind which are only just being scientifically discovered.

Try [http://www.brainwave-sync.com/page.html?id=5]brainwave entrainment for yourself.

Article Source: [http://EzineArticles.com/?Brainwave-Entrainment---Convergence-of-Science-and-Shamanism&id=2812850] Brainwave Entrainment - Convergence of Science and Shamanism

Thursday, July 10, 2014

What Are the Vibrations Or What is the Frequency of Wealth?

By Nancy Stremmel


Do My Brainwaves Affect My Frequency?

Many people wonder about the relationship between brainwave entrainment and Law of Attraction frequency. When we meditate, our brainwaves lower their frequency to low Alpha (best for relaxed focus and concentration) or Theta(best for dreaming, lucid dreaming or manifesting). With the use of a brainwave generator or binaural beats, we can achieve conscious Delta which is the brainwave that allows us to access the collective unconscious. (Without training and practice, it is not possible to stay conscious while in Delta.)

The best brainwaves for manifesting seem to be lower frequencies than normal. So, how is it that most teachers suggest raising your frequency in order to synchronize with the frequency of wealth?

Our brainwaves affect our thought patterns, not our overall frequency. It is useful to alter these thought patterns to bi-pass our Egos on a daily basis. This allows connection with our Super Conscious or Higher Minds. Some people find it easier to do this initially with binaural beats, but studies of long term meditators, Silva Method students or remote viewers shows that they can learn to quickly lower their brainwaves without help from a brainwave entrainment device.

Once we bi-pass our Egos, we are able to directly communicate with Divinity/Source or our Spirit Guides. This raises our overall frequency, which is different from our brainwave frequency. The lowest personal frequencies are those of shame, fear or hatred. The highest is that of enlightenment.

Our Emotional Frequencies

This is the frequency that affects the Law of Attraction. The low frequencies keep us solid and dense. At the highest frequencies we are light and luminescent. David Hawkins in Power vs Force gave his calibrations for human emotions from 20 to 1000.

At 20 (shame) our immune system is weak and we are prone to physical illness. The other end, 700 to 1000, is estimated to be the level of Krishna, Buddha and Jesus. The earth is affected by the frequencies or the energy levels of all of us, and we are affected by the overall frequency of the whole. Princeton's Global Consciousness Project monitored a significant worldwide negative blip just before the first plane struck on 9/11/2001. It also noticed a significant worldwide positive blip the day of Barack Obama's inauguration.

Frequencies below 200 are energy draining of anyone nearby and of the earth. This would include guilt (30), grief (75), fear (100) and pride (175). At those frequencies, you would not be able to manifest consciously. You would be bringing more guilt, grief, fear and pride into the world. The first positive emotion is courage (200). Courageous people are exploring and determined and put back as much into the world as they take.

More positively we have willingness (310), acceptance (350) and love (500) and peace (600). At these levels one has true happiness and is able to manifest abundantly. David Hawkins estimates that one individual at 300 counterbalances 90,000 individuals below level 200. Level 600 (peace) counterbalances 10,000,000 individuals below 200!

What frequency is the best for wealth?

You will find the match for what you desire. We have found that living in the positive allows us to create more of what we desire. This does not mean that we never have anything go wrong, but we are easily able to jump over any impediment. Often it turns out that these hurtles were there to move us in a more fruitful direction, or to teach us something that we would need to know in the near future. In the positive emotions, you have absolute trust in the Universe.

Once you have successfully attained these positive frequencies, you are able to generate far more good than bad in your life and in the lives of those in your environment and in the world.

So, use the brainwave frequencies to help you meditate, and the meditation to help you achieve a higher personal or emotional frequency.

Nancy J. Stremmel is the co-owner and developer of: http://www.Mindbridge-LOA.com  the compendium of information on the Law of Attraction. She is a writer, licensed Social Worker, educator, artist and therapist. She believes that everyone can make the Law of Attraction work for them.

Gregg Braden has done a great deal of work on human frequencies with Heart Math Institute and with the Global Consciousness Project at Princeton. For more detailed information: http://www.mindbridge-loa.com/Gregg-Bradens-shift-of-the-ages.htmlhttp://www.mindbridge-loa.com/Gregg-Bradens-shift-of-the-ages.html

Article Source: [http://EzineArticles.com/?http://ezinearticles.com/?What-Are-the-Vibrations-Or-What-is-the-Frequency-of-Wealth?&id=3170184What-Are-the-Vibrations-Or-What-is-the-Frequency-of-Wealth?&id=3170184] What Are the Vibrations Or What is the Frequency of Wealth?